◆英語タイトル：Biomass Industry in Australia
The Australian biofuels industry is very small and currently supplies less than 0.5% of nation’s transport fuel using first generation technology. There is a pressing need to assess the potential of sustainably produced biomass for second generation, non-food biofuels and associated bioenergy if the industry is to play a more significant role in Australia’s energy future.
Biomass was responsible for only about one percent of Australia’s overall electricity supply in the year 2011. Australia currently supplies 75% of its transport fuel from local oil and gas sources. However, demand is growing at an increasing rate and without major new discoveries or technological breakthroughs this fraction is estimated to decline to 45% by 2030.
Biofuels can potentially reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions, as well as reduce the country’s reliance on oil. The future development of the Australian biofuels industry is reliant on a sustainable and economically attractive feedstock supply. Coal is likely to continue dominating Australia’s electricity generation mix, but a shift to low carbon fuels is expected as a result of the national government’s ambition of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Australia has an abundance of sustainable biomass resources that are currently underutilized. Bioenergy generates an estimated 2,500 GWh of electricity in Australia per year – a contribution of around 12% of renewable energy generation. Western Australia has an established biomass industry based around urban and forestry waste products. In recent years, the State has become a world leader in emerging sources of biomass such as algae biofuels. Australia has a variety of bioenergy feedstocks including sugar cane bagasse, sewage gas, landfill gas, wood waste and black liquor, energy crops, agricultural products and their wastes and municipal solid waste.
In Australia most of the energy created from biomass fuels is in the form of heat from firewood and bioenergy from bagasse (sugar cane waste) or wood wastes. Bioenergy resources are located across all the states of Australia, with most regions engaged in agriculture, forestry and food production producing substantial waste biomass that could be used to support power production.
In this industry scenario Taiyou Research analyzes the Biomass Industry in Australia. The report contains the following:
• An introduction to what is biomass and the various conversion processes for biomass to energy. Environmental impact of using biomass is also analyzed.
• An analysis of the challenges facing the global power industry and why the world needs biomass power. We analyze the global electricity market through electricity net generation and installed electricity capacity. Importance of renewable resources is analyzed along with installed electricity from renewable sources. The use of biomass for generating energy is looked at along with the likely fall in prices of biomass power.
• Outlook for the global biomass industry including an outlook for the global electricity market, outlook for the global renewables sector, outlook for the global biomass power market, and an outlook for the global biomass resource.
• Moving to the biomass power industry in Australia, we analyze the industry profile, market statistics, biomass feedstock in the country, biomass industry regulations, competition in the industry including the major industry players, and an industry forecast.
• An analysis of the major players in the biomass industry in Australia is included. Players are analyzed through a company overview, an analysis of their businesses, and a SWOT analysis. We analyze over 20 global players in our report.
Taiyou Research’s report on the Biomass Industry in Australia is a complete analytical presentation of this high growth industry.
1. Executive Summary
2. Introduction to Biomass
2.1 What is Biomass?
2.2 Sources of Biomass
2.3 Biomass to Energy: Conversion Processes
2.3.1 Thermal Conversion
2.3.2 Chemical Conversion
2.3.3 Biochemical Conversion
2.4 Environmental Impact of Using Biomass
3. Challenges Facing the Global Power Industry & the Need for Biomass
3.1 Global Electricity Market
3.2 Electricity Net Generation
3.3 Installed Electricity Capacity
3.4 Importance of Renewable Resources
3.5 Installed Electricity from Renewable Sources
3.6 Use of Biomass for Energy
3.7 Cost of Biomass Power: Fall in Prices Likely
3.8 Global Biomass Industry: Outlook
3.8.1 Outlook for the Global Electricity Market
3.8.2 Outlook for the Global Renewables Sector
3.8.3 Outlook for the Global Biomass Power Market
3.8.4 Outlook for Global Biomass Resource
4. Biomass Industry in Australia
4.1 Industry Profile
4.2 Market Statistics
4.3 Biomass Feedstock in Australia
4.4 Biomass Industry Regulations
4.5 Competition in the Industry
4.6 Industry Forecast
5. Analysis of Major Players
5.1 Areva SA
5.1.1 Company Overview
5.1.2 Business Analysis
5.1.3 SWOT Analysis
5.2 Drax Group Plc
5.2.1 Company Overview
5.2.2 Business Analysis
5.2.3 SWOT Analysis
5.3 EDF Energy Plc
5.3.1 Company Overview
5.3.2 Business Analysis
5.3.3 SWOT Analysis
5.4 RWE AG
5.4.1 Company Overview
5.4.2 Business Analysis
5.4.3 SWOT Analysis
5.5 SSE Plc
5.5.1 Company Overview
5.5.2 Business Analysis
5.5.3 SWOT Analysis
5.6 Bios Bioenergiesysteme Gmbh
5.7 Chemrec AB
5.8 Clenergen Corporation
5.9 Dragon Power Co., Ltd.
5.10 ETH Bioenergia SA
5.11 Euroenergy Group
5.12 Interargem GmbH
5.13 MW Power Oy
5.14 National Bio Energy Co., Ltd.
5.15 New England Wood Pellet Co
5.16 Orient Green Power
5.17 Ptz Bioenergy Ltd.
5.18 Purepower Holdings Limited
5.19 Wartsila Corporation
5.20 Welsh Power Group
List of Figures
Figure 1: Global Electricity Net Generation (Billion kWh), 2008-12
Figure 2: Global Cumulative Installed Electricity Generation Capacity (GW), 2008-2012
Figure 3: Rankings of Countries by Installed Renewable Power Generation Capacity, 2012
Figure 4: Total Installed Renewable Electrical Power Capacity Worldwide (%), 2012
Figure 5: Number of People Globally without Access to Electricity & Relying on the Traditional Use of Biomass (m), 2012
Figure 6: Average Generation Costs Worldwide of Electricity Generation from Renewables by Technology Type ($ per MWh), 2010-2035
Figure 7: Forecast for Global Net Electricity Generation (tn kWh), 2015–35
Figure 8: Primary Energy Demand by Fuel Under New Scenario Worldwide (Mtoe), 2020–2035
Figure 9: Average Investment in Renewables-based Electricity Generation by Technology (USD Million), 2010–2035
Figure 10: Global Potential for Bioenergy by Feedstock (Exajoules), 2050
Figure 11: Global Bioenergy Potential by Region (Exajoules), 2050
Figure 12: Waste & Net Biomass Power Generation in Australia (Billion kWh), 2008-2012
Figure 13: Forecast for Bioenergy Electricity Generation in Australia (GWh), 2020
List of Tables
Table 1: Global Electricity Net Generation (Billion kWh), 2008-12
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Table 2: Global Cumulative Installed Electricity Generation Capacity (GW), 2008-2012
Table 3: Total Installed Renewable Electrical Power Capacity Worldwide (GW), 2012
Table 4: Number of People Globally without Access to Electricity & Relying on the Traditional Use of Biomass (m), 2012
Table 5: Average Generation Costs Worldwide of Electricity Generation from Renewables by Technology Type ($ per MWh), 2010-2035
Table 6: Forecast for Global Net Electricity Generation (tn kWh), 2015–35
Table 7: Primary Energy Demand by Fuel and Scenario Worldwide (Mtoe), 2008–2035
Table 8: Average Investment in Renewables-based Electricity Generation by Technology (USD Million), 2010–2035
Table 9: Global Potential for Bioenergy by Feedstock (Exajoules), 2050
Table 10: Global Bioenergy Potential by Region (Exajoules), 2050
Table 11: Waste & Net Biomass Power Generation in Australia (Billion kWh), 2008-2012
Table 12: Forecast for Bioenergy Electricity Generation in Australia (GWh), 2020