◆英語タイトル：United States Freight Brokerage Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)
According to industry sources, the penetration of US Freight brokerage in the total freight market is significantly increasing. The number of entries processed by US players has increased steadily over the years. The US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is further expected to help streamline cross-border shipments and create uniformity for supply chains in North America.
The ongoing shortage of truck drivers in the US market has an adverse effect on businesses like brokerages, which are heavily dependent upon carriers. This kind of scenario forces the freight brokers to quote more price to the shippers, eventually leading an increase in price and competition in the market.
The US less-than-truckload (LTL) segment is facing intense competitive rivalry. The LTL freight brokers are implementing innovations in North American LTL to drive the next leg of profit improvement.
Key Market Trends
Integration of technology driving the market
The tech-enabled services offer prominent opportunities for freight brokers to provide transformational value to the market. Companies like Transfix, Convoy, Uber Freight, and Loadsmart use different algorithms to match several carriers and loads based on origin, destination, price, type of load, and timing. Traditional brokerage results in delays or issues with a shipment, but they are hard to analyze.
With the digital freight brokerage integration, load-matching, and real-time pricing are available from both new entrants and incumbents. Telematics’ increasing penetration will help 3PLs solve higher-order problems in the near future. This technology was invented to locate the freight. However, currently, visibility solution providers have installed numerous devices and apps on trucks, and more sophisticated analytics products are being built on top of those data streams. That data will enable 3PLs to help shippers optimize shipment schedules with regard to cost and help carriers utilize their assets more efficiently.
To tap the growing opportunities in this sector, traditional players are entering the market with huge investments. Some traditional players have entered into the digital space. XPO Connect is an example of how companies are combining automation and artificial intelligence into a customer-driven solution. The platform allows users to find capacity and book loads, plan future moves to reduce empty miles, and increase visibility and overall control of the supply chain through insight into engagement metrics and tracking tools.
Spotlight on U.S. Trucking Sector
Trucks are the main transport options for most foreign goods arriving at the large West Coast ports in Los Angeles, Long Beach and Oakland. Trucking is responsible for most of the overland freight movement in the United States, with the market being worth 791.7 billion U.S. dollars in 2019. In 2019, the trucking industry hauled 11.84 billion tons of freight representing 72.5% of the total domestic tonnage in the country. At that time, there were over 947,000 truck drivers employed in the United States, which is less than the industry requires. Owing to this driver shortage, driver costs are the biggest challenge faced by the industry. To combat the driver shortage, carriers have increased pay and provided sign-on or transition bonuses to attract new drivers, as well as offered performance-based bonuses to retain existing drivers.
Rates in 2020 were not immune to the impact of COVID-19. In April 2020, spot market rates sunk to their lowest level in three years before recovering in May. Experts predict trucking rates and volumes may not reach 2019 levels until mid 2021 as the economy recovers and capacity exits the market due to regulatory pressures, higher fuel prices, and increasing insurance rates in light of nuclear verdicts.
The US freight brokerage market is moderately fragmented in nature with the presence of large regional players, global players and small and medium sized local players with a few players in the market. C.H. Robinson dominates the industry, followed by XPO Logistics, and Hub Group/Mode Transportation. The freight brokerage market is top heavy with about top 8 to 10 firms accounting for more than one third of the total gross revenues.
As far as technology integration is concerned, new entrants such as Convoy, Uber Freight, uShip, etc. are trying to gain significant market share by offering price transparency, online load boards, and freight marketplaces for booking freight via mobile apps, with the goal of removing human interaction in the freight booking and payment process. Trucking-as-a-Service (TaaS), which is expected to grow significantly in the country with the developments in technology and demand for digital freight forwarding.
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1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition
1.2 Scope of the Study
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
4 MARKET INSIGHTS AND DYNAMICS
4.1 Current Market Scenario
4.2 Market Dynamics
4.3 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
4.4 Industry Value Chain Analysis
4.5 United States Logistics Industry (Overview, Trends, R&D, Key Statistics, etc.)
4.6 Key Government Regulations and Initiatives
4.7 Insights on Freight Rates
4.8 Technology Snapshot (Digital Freight Brokerage, IoT, etc.)
4.9 Qualitative and Quantitative Insights on US Customs Clearance Sector
5 MARKET SEGMENTATION
5.1 By Service
5.2 By End-user
5.2.1 Manufacturing and Automotive
5.2.2 Oil and Gas, Mining, and Quarrying
5.2.3 Agriculture, Fishing, and Forestry
5.2.5 Distributive Trade (Wholesale and Retail Segments, FMCG included)
5.2.6 Other End Users (Telecommunications, Pharmaceutical, etc.)
6 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
6.1 Overview (Market Concentration, Major Players)
6.2 Company Profiles
6.2.1 CH Robinson
6.2.2 Total Quality Logistics
6.2.3 XPO Logistics Inc.
6.2.4 Echo Global Logistics
6.2.5 Worldwide Express
6.2.6 Coyote Logistics
6.2.7 Landstar System, Inc.
6.2.11 J.B. Hunt Transport, Inc
6.2.12 Hub Group
6.2.13 BNSF Logistics LLC
6.2.14 KAG Logistics, Inc.
6.2.15 Yusen Logistics (Americas) Inc.*
6.3 Other Players in the Market
6.3.1 England Logistics, Inc., ROAR Logistics, Convoy, Transfix, DHL Group, NEXT Trucking*
7 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES AND FUTURE TRENDS
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